The At-Large Membership Study Committee includes Carl Bildt (Chair), Chuck Costello (Vice Chair), Pierre Dandjinou, Esther Dyson, Olivier Iteanu, Ching-Yi Liu, Thomas Niles, Oscar Robles, and Pindar Wong (Vice Chair). (Biographies are listed below)
Carl Bildt (firstname.lastname@example.org) -- An international statesman and information technology advisor, Mr. Bildt's current duties include Special Envoy of the Secretary General of the United Nations to the Balkans, Member of Parliament of Sweden, Senior Advisor to Swedish Internet and technology investment firm IT Provider, and Board Member of several corporations and international organizations. In June 2000, Mr. Bildt joined the Swedish venture capital firm IT Provider as a Senior Advisor, and he sits on the Boards of numerous IT companies, including HiQ AB, Humany AB, Internet Capital Group, Melody Interactive Solutions AB, and Teleoptimering AB (Chairman of the Board). He is associated with various international organizations, and serves as an Advisory Board Member of the Centre for European Reform, the Aspen Institute Italia and RAND Europe. A Member of Parliament in Sweden since 1979, Mr. Bildt served as the country's Prime Minister, leading a four-party coalition, from 1991 to1994. During this period he negotiated Sweden's accession to the European Union, and instituted liberalization and structural reforms to improve the country's competitiveness. He also is credited with launching Sweden's "IT revolution," creating and chairing the country's IT Commission, which advanced Sweden's use of the Internet and telecommunications-related technologies. Mr. Bildt is a regular columnist in Sweden and on the Internet (bildt.net), and has published numerous books. He holds various honors and decorations from France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Estonia and Latvia.
Charles Costello (email@example.com) became director of the Carter Center's Democracy Program in December 1998. Previously, he was director of the Center for Democracy and Governance at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) since shortly after its creation in 1994. From 1993-94, he headed the USAID mission in post-conflict El Salvador, overseeing programs to help demobilize forces, support reformed political institutions, and rebuild civil society. At USAID since 1975, he also had headed USAID missions in Ecuador and Guatemala and served in Kenya and Bolivia. A former Peace Corps volunteer in Guatemala and staff member in Colombia, he earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Michigan and a J.D. from the University of California at Berkeley.
Pierre Dandjinou (firstname.lastname@example.org) is an IT Programme Officer for Africa for the Sustainable Development Networking Programme of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Benin. He also serves on the Interim Board of Trustees of the nascent African Regional Internet Registry (the AfriNIC), and he is President of the Internet Society Chapter (ISOC) of Benin. Mr. Dandjinou has been involved in the development of many Internet initiatives on the African Continent since 1995. Before joining the UNDP in 1996, Mr. Dandjinou was a consultant for various international and regional organizations, including the Unesco, Fao, CTA/EEU, ACCT, UNU/INRA. In December 1998, he organized the first-ever Africa Conference on Internet Governance in Cotonou, in his position as the appointed Coordinator of the Africa Internet Group. Mr. Dandjinou chaired the Africa Group of ICANN's Membership Implementation Task Force (MITF) from March to October 2000.
Esther Dyson (email@example.com) was the founding Chairman of the ICANN Board. Since 1983 she has been Chairman of EDventure Holdings, based in New York City, USA. She is the editor of its monthly computer-industry newsletter, Release 1.0, and leader of its two annual conferences, PC Forum (US) and EDventure's High-Tech Forum in Europe. She is also the author of Release 2.0/2.1: A design for living in the digital age, first published in 1998 and now available in 20 languages. She is active as an investor in, and sits on the boards of, a number of companies, mostly Internet/IT startups in the US and Europe (including Russia). Active in public affairs, she is also a Trustee of Bridges.org, the Eurasia Foundation, the (US) National Endowment for Democracy and the Santa Fe Institute. She was born in Switzerland in 1951 and holds a 1972 BA in economics from Harvard University. In addition to English, she speaks Russian and French and a little German.
Olivier Iteanu (firstname.lastname@example.org) has a law practice in Paris dedicated for more than ten years to enterprises and companies operating in the sector of new information technologies and communication - computing, telematics (Minitel and Audiotex), telecommunications, audiovisual communication and the Internet. Positions Mr. Iteanu holds include: Chairman of the French Chapter of the Internet Society (ISOC-FRANCE), Chairman of the European Co-ordination of the Chapters of the Internet Society for the year 2000, Expert at the domain name administrative panel of the World Intellectual Property Organisation, and Arbitrator of the International Forum Arbitration (USA). His previous positions include: Vice-Chairman and Chair of the Legal Committee, of the TENOR professional grouping, a trade organisation bringing together the suppliers of vocal and fax resources and services; head of the Legal Committee of Association Française du Commerce et des Echanges Electroniques (AFCEE) (French association of electronic commerce and trade) until its merger with AFTEL; Member of Association Française de Droit de l'Informatique et des Telecommunications (AFDIT) (French association of Computer and Telecommunications Law); General Secretary and founder member of the Association, Accès Publics Internet (API), (Internet public access); and Approved Representative and Adviser of Agence pour la Protection des Programmes (APP) (Agency for Programme Protection). Mr. Iteanu also is the first French author of a book treating the Internet and the Law (May 1996), and the author of a work entitled "The New Market of the Telecoms" (May 1998).
Ching-Yi Liu (email@example.com) is an Assistant Professor of Law at the Graduate Institute of Industrial Economics, National Central University, Taiwan. She is a Member of the Technology Advisory Committee established by the new President of Taiwan, and the Supervisor of the Taiwan Network Information Centre (TWNIC). Ms. Liu also serves as a Commissioner on Taiwan's Consumer Protection Commission. Prior to joining the Institute in 1999, she taught as an Assistant Professor of Law at Tamkang University for two years. Ms. Liu graduated from the Law Department of National Taiwan University in 1989, and received her first Masters degree of Law from the Graduate Institute of Law at the same university in 1993. Her study in the United States from 1993 to 1997 was sponsored by a full scholarship of Taiwan's government. She received an LL.M. from Harvard Law School in 1994, and her J.S.D. from the University of Chicago Law School in 1997. Ms. Liu's current research and publications include the regulation of cyberspace, technology and law, as well as antitrust law.
Thomas Niles (firstname.lastname@example.org) is President of the United States Council for International Business (USCIB). Ambassador Niles retired from the U.S. Foreign Service in September 1998 following a career of more than 36 years. In February 1999, he assumed the Presidency of the USCIB, which advances the global interests of American business both at home and abroad, promoting an open system of world trade, finance, and investment. It is the American affiliate of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the Business and Industry Advisory Committee (BIAC) to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the International Organisation of Employers (IOE). In the Foreign Service, Ambassador Niles served as Ambassador to Canada (1985-89), Ambassador to the European Union (1989-91), Assistant Secretary of State for Europe and Canada (1991-93), and Ambassador to Greece (1993-97). Earlier in his career, Ambassador Niles served in Belgrade, Moscow (twice), and the U.S. Mission to NATO in Brussels as well as in the Department of State. He was born in Lexington, Kentucky in 1939. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1960 and an M.A. from the University of Kentucky in 1962. He speaks French, German, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, and Greek.
Oscar Robles (email@example.com) is a Names Council Member for the ccTLD constituency, and a national of Mexico. He is the NIC-Mexico Administrative Manager and Chief of the Internet and Registration Services Center, in the Monterrey Institute of Technology. Mr. Robles also co-teaches the "E-commerce Legal Framework" course, in their Virtual University. He has participated in diverse forums in Mexico and Latin America with talks on "Internet Governance", "Domain Names and Intellectual Property", and "Internet Growth in Mexico and Latin America". During the first semester of 1998, Mr. Robles participated in the ICANN Membership Advisory Council. He is a co-founder of, LACTLD, the Latin America and Caribbean Country Code Top-Level Domain Organization, which currently groups 20 ccTLDs from the region. Mr. Robles also serves as a Board Member of ENRED, the Latin American Networks Forums, which represents not-for profit networks in the region, and as a Board Member of the Internet Society's (ISOC) Mexican chapter. Previously, he served as an alternate in the experts group convened by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 1997 for the first Internet Domain Name Process. Mr. Robles has been working on the DNS governance issues since 1995. Previous positions include: Technical Manager for NIC-Mexico, member of the Policy Advisory Body of the Internet International Ad Hoc Committee (IAHC) process resulting in the gTLD-MoU, participant in the International Forum on the White Paper (IFWP) process and DNSO formation. Mr. Robles holds a Bachelor degree in Computer Systems Engineering, and a Masters degree in Information Technologies Management, from Monterrey Institute of Technology.
Pindar Wong (firstname.lastname@example.org) is the immediate past Chairman of the Asia and Pacific Internet Association, the Executive Committee Chairman of the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Conference on Operational Technologies, Advisor to the Asia Pacific Networking Group, and Member of the Editorial Advisory Board of Cisco Systems' Internet Protocol Journal. He is also the Chairman of VeriFi (Hong Kong) Ltd., a discrete Internet infrastructure consultancy. Previously he co-founded Hong Kong's first licensed ISP in 1993, was the alternate chair of Asia Pacific Network Information Centre, and was appointed by the Internet Architecture Board to the Policy Oversight Committee. He served as Vice Chairman of ICANN's Board of Directors from 1999-2000. Prior to his involvement in commercial Internet services, he was a doctoral candidate and Sir Edward Youde research fellow at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Before gaining his doctoral fellowship, Mr. Wong was briefly a banker after graduating with first class honors in computing science from the Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine.
Denise Michel (email@example.com), At Large Study Committee Executive Director, has over 12 years of experience in the design and execution of strategic change initiatives related to the Internet. She has served in positions of increasing responsibility with the U.S. Senate, the National Science Foundation, the American Electronics Association and the U.S. Department of Commerce. Appointed by President Clinton in 1993 as the Senior Technology Advisor to the Secretary of Commerce, Ms. Michel was instrumental in managing the creation and execution of broad ranging plans to advance the Internet, including the Administration's e-commerce agenda. After leaving government, she co-founded a technology company that provided businesses with Web-based merchandising and operational inventory systems. She also has consulted for a variety of businesses and organizations.